Frequently asked questions

It is a policy that promotes the economic, territorial and social cohesion, reduces the disparities in terms of development among regions and makes the opportunities of citizens even. In Italy, Cohesion Policy is financed by additional resources from the EU budget (European Structural Funds) and the national budget (co-funding to the EU Structural Funds, National Fund for Development and Cohesion and Action plan for Cohesion

Tag: Portale

OpenCoesione is the open government initiative on cohesion policies in Italy. The portal contains navigable data on planned resources and expenditures, locations, thematic areas, programming and implementing bodies, timings, implementation and payments of individual projects. Everyone can thus evaluate how resources are used in comparison to the needs of the territories.

Civic monitoring means verification, control, collection of ideas and proposals by civic communities regarding public decisions, starting from the data and information made available by the responsible Administrations. Civic monitoring of projects that receive support from public resources means collecting data, evidence, information and interviewing the actors involved in the preparation and implementation of the interventions, visiting places and sites, promoting transparency and collaboration and formulating proposals.

Within the European multiannual budget, cohesion policies co-financed by European resources are programmed for seven-year periods starting from 2000-2006. On the OpenCoesione portal, the data on the projects in progress relating to the 2007-2013, 2014-2020 and 2021-2027 programming periods are currently available in an open and navigable format. In relation to the 2000-2006 programming period, on OpenCoesione are monitored only those projects originally financed in this cycle and therefore transferred within the Development and Cohesion Plans. These can be filtered through a selection menu available starting from the publication of the data updated to 28th February 2023.

According to the financial rules valid for the European Funds, the effective duration of the seven-year programming periods is extended by a further 2 or 3 years (the so-called "n + 2" rule for the 2007-2013 and 2021-2027 periods, the "n + 3” rule for the 2014-2020 period). In these final phases, the implementation of the projects of the Programmes co-financed by the EU Cohesion Funds overlaps with the start of the next programming period.

The implementation of projects financed by entirely national resources (Development and Cohesion Fund and Cohesion Action Plan) takes place in continuity between the various programming periods.

The European Structural Funds are financial instruments offered by the EU, to varying degrees based on the territory, to support cohesion policy. European funding, with a national co-financing requirement, is allocated in the EU multi-year budget for the seven-year cycle starting with the 2000-2006 period.

The Structural Funds (SF) for the 2007-2013 period are the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF) and the European Social Fund (ESF). In the 2014-2020 period the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) include in addition the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). In the 2021-2027 period the ESI Funds are completed by the Just Transition Fund (JTF) while the European Social Fund (ESF) is replaced by the ESF Plus (ESF+).

From Structural Funds (FS) we have thus moved on to talk about European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

In the 2021-2027 period, the Just Transition Fund (JTF) is added to the Structural Funds, while the European Social Fund (ESF) is replaced by the ESF Plus (ESF+).

Certification of expenditure to the EU corresponds to requests for reimbursement of the expenditures incurred and paid that are submitted to the European Commission by the Managing Authorities of the programmes co-financed by the Structural Funds. These applications, for each annual accounting of the resources committed in the EU budget for each Structural Fund (ESF, ERDF) and Operational Programme, are to be presented within a specific period of time, established specifically for each programming period. The resources that are not certified to the Commission by the deadline are subject to automatic decommitment, i.e. a reduction in EU financing and the corresponding national co-financing of the programme. In the 2007-2013 period, to encourage implementation of the Operational Programmes co-financed by the Structural Funds, Italy established during the National Strategic Framework Committee meeting of 9 April 2013 the national infra-annual targets for expenses actually incurred and certified. Therefore, in addition to 31 December of each year, certified expenditure is also monitored at 31 May and 31 October.

On OpenCoesione are available information on the rules for the certification of Structural Funds expenditures to the EU Commission for the 2007-2013 and 2014-2020 programming periods, useful to learn more about the difference between certified expenditure and monitored expenditure.

It is also possible to download the open data on the overall financial allocation, targets and EU-certified expenditure.

Major Projects are investments financed under the European Structural Funds aimed at achieving results of broad strategic significance. Within them there are two essential types:

- investments in infrastructure (eg railways, subways, ports, motorways, purifiers and water networks, major renovations, ultra-broadband networks);

- productive investments (aid for the development of large industrial plants).

For the 2014-2020 period, Major Projects are considered above €75 million for projects that contribute to Thematic Objective 7 – “Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures”). 

In the 2007-2013 period, the financial amount of the Major Projects was set as exceeding 50 million euros.

Unlike “ordinary” projects of programmes co-financed by the Structural Funds, which are automatically chosen and approved for financing by the Managing Authority of the operational programme, Major Projects are subject to specific procedures for approval by the European Commission that envisage a long, complex review process that is carried out in close cooperation with various Commission bodies. During this process, numerous factors of interest to the EU are assessed including, in addition to general eligibility, an analysis of the costs and benefits and financial return, environmental compatibility and compliance with the applicable directives, and consistency with the internal market and competition rules, including the existence of any state aid. The process concludes with the Commission’s decision of approval, which ratifies the essential technical characteristics, eligible expenditure and multi-year financial plan and assigns the Major Project a common code for identification (CCI), analogous to that assigned to Programmes co-financed with Structural Funds. In the case of any changes or additions to a Major Project in the course of implementation, the same process must be followed to receive a new decision from the Commission.

For monitoring purposes, a Major Project can be monitored as a single project or as different projects, based on the characteristics of the specific Major Project. In the open data catalogues of projects being implemented, projects belonging to a Major Project are identified by the variable COD_GRANDE_PROGETTO, to which the CCI of the Major Project is added (see metadata).

Financial instruments are not considered Major Projects.

For the 2014-2020 period, the key regulation is Regulation (EU) No. 1303/2013 (Articles 100-103), while for the 2007-2013 cycle it is Regulation (EC) No. 1083/2006 (Articles 39-41). Important technical and operational instructions for Major Projects can also be found in various subsequent EU rules and legislation, including the guidelines on the closure of operational programmes for 2007-2013, annexed to Decision C(2015) 2771 (for the rules applicable to Major Projects not completed in 2007-2013 and, specifically, for those that span across to the 2012-2020 programming, see this FAQ).

The Performance Framework (on the efficacy of implementation) is a tool introduced in the 2014-2020 programming cycle in order to enhance the efficacy of implementation of cohesion-policy programmes that are co-financed with European funding (Articles 21 and 22 of Regulation (EC) 1303/2013).

It is based on a system of indicators defined at the priority-axis level for each Operational Programme and mainly measures financial implementation and actual implementation of the operations. There is also an indicator that measures the key implementation steps, and the framework was used to verify the 2018 intermediate milestones for those operations that, when defining the programme, were expected to be completed after 2018 (date of the intermediate review). For all indicators, there are two targets: an intermediate milestone for 2018 and a final target for 2023.

The method for defining the Performance Framework is described in Annex II of Regulation (EC) 1303/2013 and, for Italy, is detailed under section 2.4 of the Partnership Agreement.

In 2019, the Commission, in cooperation with the Member States, will be conducting the intermediate performance review and assigning the performance reserve to the axes that have reached their milestones. Unsatisfactory levels of progress towards the milestones and final targets may also result in sanctions (suspension of payments in 2019 and financial adjustments in 2025). The intermediate and final reviews of the Performance Framework are based on the information and assessments provided in the annual progress reports presented by the Managing Authorities (by 30 June 2019 and 30 June 2024, respectively), which, in Italy, must fully match the data from the National Monitoring System, the source for the OpenCoesione portal.

The date of 31 December 2020, which should have corresponded to the end of the 2014-2020 programming period, did not coincide with the actual implementation deadline of the programmes and  projects co-financed by the European Structural Funds in the 2014-2020 period.

Based on the implementation rules of the EU budget in force, the so-called "n+3" rule, the implementation of the programming period will continue over the following three years, i.e. until 31 December 2023, the final date by which it was possible to report the expenditures incurred and paid to the EU budget. The financial contribution from the EU budget to the relevant 2014-2020 Programmes therefore remained usable for another three years after 31 December 2020.

In order to complete the projects which at that date were still unfinished and not functioning, two possibilities have emerged:

1. projects that meet certain requirements, described below, and therefore can also be completed with EU resources from the 2021-2027 period. These projects are also included in the new 2021-2027 programmes and therefore present a financial structure which, for the EU quote, includes both 2014-2020 and 2021-2027 resources,

2. projects that do not meet the required requirements must be completed using only the Member State's own resources (national, regional or local) and, under certain conditions, the share of spending already carried out on the 2014-2020 european programmes by 31st December 2023 may remain eligible if the projects are completed by 15th February 2026.

The details of the requirements are reported in the Guidelines Published by the European Commission in the OJEU on 14/10/2021 ( and in the subsequent update of 14/12/2022 (
The summary presentation dedicated to the topic carried out at the Annual Review Meeting in March 2023 is also available (

Finally, it is important to underline that with the final implementation report as of 31 December 2023 it is necessary to prepare the data relating to the output and result indicators of the effectiveness reference framework (performance framework) using the models in tables 1, 2, 3 and 4 referred to in Annex V to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/207. Thus, as done for the intermediate verification, the values reported in the final implementation report must be downloaded from the reports prepared in the National Monitoring System on the basis of the rules defined in the technical document on the Performance Framework.

Further details are given in the Annex of the Commission decision on the approval of the "Guidelines on the closure of operational programs adopted to receive assistance from the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Fund for maritime affairs and fisheries (2014-2020)” 

The Development and Cohesion Fund (Fondo per lo Sviluppo e la Coesione - FSC) is a financial instrument funded with national additional resources through which the Italian government implements the principle of territorial cohesion enshrined in Article 119 of the Constitution. The Fund, previously denominated the Fund for Underutilised Areas (Fondo per le aree sottoutilizzate - FAS), was established with the 2003 Finance Act (Article 61 of Law 289/2002) with the aim of ensuring an organic planning and financial structure for the national additional resources appropriated to achieve economic and social balance among the various areas of the country.

More specifically, the Fund finances special national initiatives and the disbursement of special grants for infrastructure and intangible assets of national, inter-regional and regional importance, implemented through major projects or investments structured into functionally connected single initiatives. 80% of the resources of the Fondo per lo Sviluppo e la Coesione are allocated to the South and 20% to the Center-North, for more details consult here.

Projects implemented under the Development and Cohesion Fund are included in the Unitary Monitoring System and monitored in OpenCoesione together with projects implemented under the European Structural Funds (SF) and the Cohesion Action Plan

The FSC is also associated with financial grants approved by the Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning (Comitato Interministeriale per la Programmazione Economica - CIPE), which are comparable to policy appropriations. On the open data section of the OpenCoesione website are available Data and metadata on the funding and on the decisions approving the 2014-2020 FSC Plans and Programmes, as well as the Data and metadata on the funding and on the decisions approving the 2007-2013 FSC Programmes

The date of 31 December 2013, which corresponds in theory to the end of the 2007-2013 programming cycle, did not coincide with the actual deadline for implementation of projects for programmes co-financed by the European Structural Funds in the 2007-2013. Based on the existing “n+2” rule  implementation rules for the EU budget the implementation of the cycle go on doing following two years, i.e. until 31 December 2015, which is the last date on which the payments actually incurred by the beneficiaries in respect of projects/operations could be charged to the EU budget. The financial contribution of the EU budget to the 2007-2013 Programs remained usable for another two years after 31 December 2013. An exception to this are the Financial Engineering Instruments (to which specific rules apply) for which the final date for payment to the final recipients was 31 March 2017. 

In general, therefore, December 31, 2015 was the deadline for making payments from community resources for the 2007-2013 cycle. To complete the projects that were still unfinished and inoperative on that date, two possibilities emerged:

1. the projects meets certain requirements, described elsewhere, and therefore can be completed even with the EU resources of the 2014-2020 cycle. Such projects are also inserted in the 2014-2020 programmes and therefore receive financing that, for the EU portion, includes both 2007-2013 and 2014-2020 resources, 

2. the projects do not meet the requirements and therefore must be completed using only the resources of the Member State (national, regional or local). The share of expenditure already incurred on the 2007-2013 EU programmes by 31 December 2015 may continue to be deemed eligible if the project is actually completed by the deadline indicated, i.e. by the deadline for submission of the final programme closure documents (31 March 2017) or by 31 March 2019 for “non-functioning” projects, i.e. those not completed and in use at the time of submission of the final programme closure documents.

The following is a brief list of the requirements for including in the 2014-2020 programming cycle projects already financed in 2007-2013:

- for Major Projects (which, for the 2007-2013 cycle, pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 1083/2006, are investments for which the total cost exceeds €50 million, characterized by indivisible tasks of an economic or technical nature, for which the specific approval of the Commission is needed):

· the project must not have been approved by the Commission as a Major Project in the 2000-2006 programming period as well;

· the project must be divisible into two phases that are clearly identifiable from a material and financial standpoint in order for the second phase of the project to be eligible for 2014-2020 Structural Funds;

· an application to modify the Major Project must be made to reduce the funding for the 2007-2013 period (first phase) while at the same time maintaining the original general objective, which is therefore to be achieved during the 2014-2020 period, at the end of the second phase of the project;

- for all other projects (except Financial Engineering Instruments, which are not divisible into phases):

· the project must not have been chosen by the Member State in the 2000-2006 programming period;

· the total cost of the project must be equal to or greater than €5 million;

· the project must be divisible into two phases that are clearly identifiable from a material and financial standpoint in order for the second phase of the project to be eligible for 2014-2020 Structural Funds.

In both cases the second phase of the project must meet the eligibility requirements for funding from the Structural Funds in the 2014-2020 period.

Further details are found in the Annex to the Commission Decision on the approval of the guidelines on the closure of operational programmes adopted for assistance from the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund (2007-2013).

The Cohesion Action Plan (Piano d’Azione per la Coesione - PAC) was launched in 2011 as a measure to accelerate the implementation of programmes co-financed by the 2007-2013 Structural Funds and boost the effectiveness of the interventions. The PAC is funded with national resources generated from the reduction of the rate of national co-financing of the Operational Programmes and by resources that have been reprogrammed through the internal replanning of those Programmes.

In the 2014-2020 programming period, the experience of the PAC continues in the Complementary Operational Programs (POC) financed by a portion of the resources of the Revolving Fund which support the national co-financing of the Operational Programmes of the European Structural and Investment Funds.



The Development and Cohesion Plan (PSC) represents an instrument, introduced during 2014-2020 and envisaged by article 44 of Legislative Decree 34/2019 and subsequent amendments, aimed at harmonization of the planning of resources relating to the Development and Cohesion Fund (FSC, former Fund for Underutilized Areas FAS) relating to three programming periods, 2014-2020, 2007-2013 and 2000-2006.

The 43 Development and Cohesion Plans identified during the 2014-2020 period (the complete list is available in the programming section) therefore replace around 900 of the previous programming instruments of the FSC, such as Development Pacts, Regional Implementation Programmes, Regional Implementation, Service Objectives and Programme Agreements.

The projects initially monitored through these tools are being migrated to the new Development and Cohesion Plans.

Cohesion policy resources are allocated on a geographical basis, giving priority to less developed areas. As regards European resources, regions with per capita GDP of less than 75% of the EU average are the largest beneficiaries of funds through projects to foster their growth and convergence. During the programming periods, Italian regions have been divided into “Objective 1/Objective 2” regions (until 2000-2006), “Convergence/Competitiveness” regions (in 2007-2013), and “Less-developed/Transition/More-developed” regions (in 2014-2020 and 2021-2027).

In 2021-2027, the "Less developed regions" are Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise, Puglia, Sardinia and Sicily; Abruzzo, Marche and Umbria are the "Regions in transition" while the "Most developed regions" are Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont, Tuscany, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto and the Autonomous Provinces of Bolzano and of Trento. As regards cohesion policy financed with national resources, the classification criteria does not change compared to the previous period.

In 2014-2020, the “Less-developed” regions are Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily; Abruzzo, Molise and Sardinia are “Transition” regions, while the “More-developed” regions are Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Tuscany, Valle d’Aosta, Veneto, Umbria and the Autonomous Provinces of Bolzano and Trento.

In 2007-2013, the “Convergence” regions were Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily, with Basilicata receiving transitional support. All of the others were “Competitiveness” regions.

As far as national resources are concerned, the regions are classified on a geographical basis, grouped into “Southern Italy” (Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise, Puglia, Sardinia and Sicily) and “Centre-North” (all others).

Tag: Portale

OpenCoesione offers access to navigable and downloadable open-format data on the implementation of cohesion policies in Italy of the projects financed by the European Structural Funds, the National Development and Cohesion Fund (FSC) and the Complementary Operational Programmes (POC). More specifically, the information includes data on resources allocated and spent, location, thematic areas, planning authorities and implementing authorities, the implementation timetable for individual projects and the associated bimonthly series of payments. 

On OpenCoesione it is also possible to download information on the programmed Resources, the financial allocations of Plans and Programmes, on the funding opportunities, the calls for proposals and the lists of operations and beneficiaries eligible for funding in the Programmes co-financed by the 2014-2020 Structural Funds; data on the context of the territory in which cohesion policy projects are implemented (Istat territorial and thematic indicators and Territorial Public Accounts).

Point of attention! Only a selection of the information connected with cohesion policies that can be downloaded in open data format can be consulted using interactive visualizations on the website. For more information, consult here.

Tag: Portale


The Programmes whose Managing Authority is not an Italian administration are not displayed.

As regards 2007-2013, there are no data on the projects being implemented under the objective of the European Territorial Cooperation (ETC), also known by the name of "Interreg" (more details here).

OpenCoesione does not provide information on misconduct in respect of cohesion policy projects: at the European level, the regulations foresee specific procedures for managing misconduct, i.e. generic violations of provisions that adversely impact the Community finances for which the EU seeks restitution of amounts unduly disbursed. The body dedicated to highlighting fraud and judicial cases on the beneficiaries of the Structural Funds is OLAF, which however only publishes aggregate data ( 


Tag: Portale

OpenCoesione is targeting everyone: citizens, public administration representatives, experts, innovation entrepreneurs, researchers and journalists. The goal is to provide everyone access to data and other information to assess the effectiveness and consistency of the use of cohesion policy resources.

Discover OpenCoesione by watching a video tutorial dedicated to the initiative.

Follow OpenCoesione by signing up for the newsletter.

Encourage OpenCoesione by actively contributing to civic monitoring initiatives.

Contact the Team here to send ideas, advice, reports and examples of reuse (applications, services, research) based on OpenCoesione data.

Tag: Dati

The projects in OpenCoesione refer to actions financed under cohesion policy and are identified by an autonomous administrative act (for example, a tender, a list, an agreement, a contract, etc.). In certain cases, multiple projects may form part of a single intervention or are coordinated among themselves as part of a single intervention strategy. Since cohesion policy affects highly diverse sectors, projects may have very different financial resources, territorial scope and thematic contents. They may regard major infrastructure projects or an individual beneficiary receiving aid or some other form of support (vouchers, for example). Another source of diversity among projects is associated with the different monitoring procedures adopted by the managing authorities involved, which have a degree of discretion in identifying an individual project among a variety of interventions.

Each project is assigned a Single Project Code (Codice Unico di Progetto - CUP).

Tag: Portale

Information on projects being implemented on the website includes selected data that can be downloaded in open data format, which represent a subset of the information foreseen by the Unitary Monitoring System.

The portal is thus the first example of reuse of the complete datasets published on OpenCoesione in order to provide all users an interactive guide to navigate the complexity of the data on projects financed by cohesion policies. The portal’s functionalities include the visualization of a factsheet for each project and the application of filters (theme/nature/programme/value/year/source) to facilitate searches for specific sets of projects. In addition, the website provides – in association with the various queries posed by users – the list of projects with the highest funding, the most recent projects completed and the municipalities that have received the greatest per capita funding.

OpenCoesione also gives users suggestions about projects that could be considered “similar” to the one they are viewing if they are located in the same area, using four criteria:

• projects with the same thematic classification (metadata fields: oc_tema_sintetico and qsn_descr_tema_prioritario_ue)

• projects of the same nature as the intervention (metadata fields: cup_descr_natura and cup_descr_tipologia)

• projects with the same planning authority

• projects with the same implementing authority

Point of attention! Some of the projects published on OpenCoesione have additional information available above and beyond that from the variables selected from the portal’s data sources. It comes from open data published by other bodies, which OpenCoesione uses to enrich the project factsheet displayed.  

Tag: Portale, Dati

For projects in implementation, OpenCoesione makes available a subset of the information provided by the Unitary Monitoring System concerning the cost and financial state of progress of the project, its sectoral or thematic scope, where it is being implemented, the entities or persons involved, the implementation timetable and the indicators of bimonthly time series of financial commitments and payments.

The level of detail and comprehensiveness of the data may differ due to inconsistencies in the data or the inhomogeneous uploading of data to the Unitary Monitoring System by the bodies involved.

The data on the projects, accompanied by the related metadata, can be downloaded on the open data page in the form of a complete relational database (in the section "The database of OpenCoesione projects") and as a single table that can be easily edited (in the section "All projects of OpenCoesione"). They can also be downloaded in reprocessable form (.csv format) as a result of queries created ad hoc through the filters available (e.g. theme, territory and type of intervention) on OpenCoesione.

The OpenCoesione database consists of a total of 16 datasets, all connected to the main "Projects" dataset which contains the master data of all the projects in implementation available on the portal.

The Projects/Subjects/Locations/Phases/Indicators datasets contain precise monitoring data, while the Commitments and Payments datasets report, in the form of a historical series, the amounts relating to the individual payments made and the financial commitments for each project. The "Scope" datasets contain detailed information on how the projects are organized on the basis of the Programme or Plan to which they belong, distinctly by programming period and funding source. The projects that come together in several programming areas (for example projects financed with ERDF and FSC funds in the 2014-2020 period) are present in the related area datasets (ERDF1420 area and FSC1420 area).

The single dataset "Projects with extended layout" constitutes a compact version of the OpenCoesione database, since it adds to the master data of the projects also information on the location, on the procedural phases, on the connected subjects, on the associated indicators and on the articulation and classification within Programmes or Plans. It does not include historical series data on commitments and payments.

If the user's interest is addressed at a programming period or to one or more specific programming areas, regional territories or themes, the data of the "Projects with extended layout" dataset can also be downloaded disaggregated, taking into account the fact that projects that converge in several regions or funds can be repeated in the individual reference datasets.

By default, the portal displays a redefined perimeter net of some projects soon to be dismissed from monitoring, consequently the number of records in the Projects dataset that can be downloaded from the open data page is higher than the number of projects as reported on the portal, and coincides with the number of projects object of the RGS-IGRUE Bulletins.

Point of attention! The data downloaded on the Open data page contains a higher number of variables than those displayed in the project and subject tabs of the portal.

Tag: Dati

For projects funded by the European Structural Funds and by the national resources (National Development and Cohesion Fund and the Cohesion Action Plan) for the programming periods 2007-2013, 2014-2020 and 2021-2027 the data source is the Unitary Monitoring System, which is populated using common protocols (more information here) by the managing authorities of the programmes and managed by the Inspectorate-General for Financial Relationships with the European Union (IGRUE) of the State General Accounting Department (Ragioneria Generale dello Stato - RGS).

Regional Administrations and Ministries that manage funds are therefore the main source of the information provided through OpenCoesione. Nevertheless, the data do undergo some further processing and cleaning to facilitate use and consistency. These variables are identified in the published open format datasets with the OC_ prefix.

It is possible to download the open data and the associated metadata on cohesion policy projects here.

Tag: Portale, Dati

The OpenCoesione website publishes the data on ongoing projects that have been financed with cohesion policy funds (2007-2013, 2014-2020 and 2021-2027) and are contained in the Unitary Monitoring System operated by RGS-IGRUE. Starting from the update of the data as at 31 December 2016, the publications take into account the gradual adjustment of the data and are intended to provide as much as possible consistent and representative visualization of cohesion policy actions.

In particular, a new feature has been introduced to permit the default visualization of data and calculations for the set of projects not taking into account other certain projects that, while indicated as “active” in the Unitary Monitoring System, are scheduled to be dismissed from monitoring in the subsequent bimonthly updates by the managing authorities involved as they are duplicates of other active projects or have never actually been launched in the Operational Programmes. Accordingly, those projects are systematically excluded from all visualization and calculations on the portal, such as, for example, those reported on the home page and the pages aggregated by nature, theme, territory and programme.

“Search” results also provide by default a list aligned with visualizations and calculations, showing only “published projects”. However, in order to ensure maximum transparency in respect of the contents of the Unitary Monitoring System, the data on projects in the dismissing process can be included in the list of results using the new filter “Visualisation” and selecting “Excluded projects”.

The projects excluded from visualization and counting are in any case included in the universe of All OpenCoesione projects published in the open data section: to that end, the data structure of the “Projects” dataset of the open data catalogues classifies the excluded projects using a value for the new variable “OC_FLAG_VISUALIZZAZIONE” other than 0. This means that to reconstruct the totals for the tallies published on the website using the open data, it is necessary to select all the projects for which the variable “OC_FLAG_VISUALIZZAZIONE” is equal to 0.

Tag: Portale, Dati

The number of monitored projects represents the total number of projects currently being implemented in the reference two-month period. Projects whose monitoring is expected to be dismissed from the National Monitoring System are excluded from this counting. All monitored projects are displayed and navigable on the portal OpenCoesione.

Tag: Dati

No, these are two different information systems that maintain at the same time an unitary information architecture that has evolved in continuity with respect to the main variables observed.

Consult hereinafter the technical documents.

Starting from the update of the data monitored on 31/10/2022, the OpenCoesione portal makes available for the first time the data relating to the first “stralcio” assignments on the FSC 2021-2027 approved by CIPESS even in the absence of the new “Banca Dati Unica” - hereinafter BDU 2021-2027. All programmes deriving from these assignments are therefore re-associated with the 2021-2027 programming period, even if monitored in the 2014-2020 BDU.

On the other hand, and starting from the update of the monitored data on 28/02/2019 on the OpenCoesione portal, the projects belonging to the following Programmes that have been monitored with the information system of the 2014-2020 period, are correctly re-associated with the 2007-2013 programming period:

As well the following Programmes monitored with the information system of the 2007-2013 period are correctly re-associated with the 2014-2020 programming period:








The aforementioned programmes have merged into the FSC hydrogeological instability Plan.

European territorial cooperation is a central element for the setting up of a common European space and represents a pillar of European integration, bringing the clear added value in various aspects: ensure that borders do not become barriers, brings European citizens together, promotes the joint solution for common problems, facilitates the sharing of ideas and good practices and encourages strategic collaboration to achieve common objectives.

European territorial cooperation programmes, funded by the ERDF, promote collaboration between regional and local administrations to solve common problems by the means of the exchange of experiences, the establishing of networks and the implementation of joint projects.

The Italian territories are eligible and are participating in 19 European territorial cooperation programmes. The Department for the Cohesion Policy of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers is the Italian National Authority and the referent body for the EU Commission.

In the section of the OpenCoesione portal dedicated to programming, it is possible to consult the list of the ETC Programmes under monitoring in the 2014-2020 period (7) and in the 2021-2027 period (10).

The Unique Project Code (CUP) identifies a project financed with public resources and consists of a 15-character alphanumeric string. It is one of the main classification features adopted in order to ensure the transparency and traceability of public financial flows and is also a variable recorded in the National Monitoring System of the cohesion policies. On the OpenCoesione portal, the CUP is reported as the first information indicated in the column of each project sheet, and it is used as a key for projects' search.

The CUP request is mandatory for all operations financed with national and EU public funds, therefore - with reference to cohesion policies - both the European Structural and Investment Funds, the National Fund for Development and Cohesion and the funds of the Plan of Action and Cohesion.

The CUP is released upon request and following the filling out of several data concerning the public investment project within the CUP System. Some of these data, such as the nature, type or sector of intervention, are reported on the OpenCoesione portal. It is possible to consult the metadata to find out which are the variables coming from the CUP information kit.

The data of the CUP are available in open format on the OpenCUP portal. In the portal it is possible to consult and perform the search on all the investment projects connected to CUP whose nature is public works, grants or contributions for disasters.

Tag: Portale

The OpenCoesione website has a list of the funding opportunities at disposal of potential beneficiaries of the programmes financed under cohesion policy for the 2021-2027 and 2014-2020 period. The list consists of a standardized-format collection of the information published by the managing authorities of Operational Programmes and Plans co-financed with European Structural funds. The list of sources is available here.

For the 2014-2020 period the opportunities are differentiated between those to be launched, those in progress and those expired, and are listed in chronological order of expiry, starting from those with the closest deadlines for the presentation of project proposals. If several opportunities have the same expiration date, they are sorted by Programme and then by decreasing amount.

Some of the opportunities, however, do not have a defined deadline and remain open until the funds are available: these opportunities are designated as “rolling” in the Opportunity Type column and reported at the bottom of the table together with pre-information notices, which are also identified in the same column.

All the columns can be rearranged, depending on the user's needs, in ascending or descending order, for example by Programme that offers the opportunity, by date of publication, by financial allocation of the call and finally by type (deadline, rolling, pre-information).

It is also possible to search for opportunities using the free-text search engine, which operates over the entire list regardless of the number of rows visualized, using multiple search terms. For example, to look for opportunities whose title contains the word “innovation” published by the Region of Calabria with a specified deadline, users can use three search terms: innovation, Calabria and deadline. Since the search is based on the exact text entered in the search field, it is recommended that users begin with general terms and refine their search subsequently.

The data in the list, which is generally updated every two weeks, are also available in open format in a .CSV file published on the same page with the list of opportunities and in the open data section of the website, which also contains other variables concerning the fund, the type of beneficiary and the theme for each opportunity.

Starting from the update as of 30th June 2022, OpenCoesione portal releases data relating to the Development and Cohesion Plans (PSC) identified during the 2014-2020 programming period. The availability and the update of PSCs in the National Monitoring System is an activity that foresees the elimination of projects from the previous initial FSC Plans or Programmes and the simultaneous inclusion in the new PSCs, where the monitoring of their implementation is foreseen to continue.

This activity, carried out by each administration with the support of IGRUE and Agency for Territorial Cohesion, is differentiated over time for each individual PSC. Until the migration in the National Monitoring System is completed, the framework of projects and financial resources in each PSC published on OpenCoesione is partial.
In the summary pages of the portal for each PSC, the migration current status is indicated as well as those plans or programmes representing the origin for the projects not yet migrated. In addition to the projects that will undergo the migration process, each PSC can be populated with projects from European programmes of the 2014-2020 period following the COVID-19 emergency response strategy with cohesion policies, and new projects financed with the PSC's own resources.

As of the data update as at 31 August 2023, there are 14 Programmes for which the migration is still in progress:



The main sources for data on the context of cohesion policies that can be downloaded from OpenCoesione are indicated hereinafter:

Download here the open data and the associated metadata on the cohesion policy context.

Tag: Dati

Yes, the data downloaded in the open data section contain a larger number of variables than those visualised in the portal’s project fact sheets and in the CSV results from the queries on the website. In the latter case, in order to enable immediate and consistent interpretation of the search, the downloaded file returns a narrower set of variables than that available in the complete files

Tag: Portale, Dati

Yes, some of the projects published on OpenCoesione have extra information available above and beyond that from the variables selected from the website’s data sources. It comes from open data published by other bodies, which OpenCoesione uses to enrich the project fact sheet displayed. For example, this is the case of the summaries of the interventions associated with the National Operational Programme Governance and Technical Assistance ERDF 2007-2013 and the National Operational Programme Research and Competitiveness ERDF 2007-2013. In these cases, the project fact sheet also contains links to the original data source.

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The entities involved in cohesion policy projects can be public or private (Public Administrations, a non-profit institutions, an individual person or an enterprise) and can assume two different roles in one or more projects:

  • Planning authority: the entity responsible for the decision to finance the project. It is generally a Regional Authority or a Ministry.

  • Implementing authority: the entity responsible for implementing the project. In the case of the Structural Funds 2007-2013, it corresponds to the "beneficiary" (Art. 2 of Regulation (EC) no. 1083/2006), namely the entity that receives the funding. The implementing authority may in turn use other entities in implementing the project, but under the rules of the 2007-2013 period, these are not necessarily tracked in the monitoring system.

  • Beneficiary: a public or private body responsible for the implementation of operation. In case of the projects comprised in the Programmes financed by EAFRD and/or by EMFF corresponds with a natural person. In the context of State aid schemes, the beneficiary is intended as the body which receives the aid; and in case the project takes the form of a financial instrument, the beneficiary is the body that implements the financial instrument. In European Territorial Cooperation Programmes, there may be several beneficiaries considering that projects are implemented by international partnerships composed by public and/or private organizations

  • Executor: the party that actually executes the project; in the case of public works, it is the entity awarded with the contract and that actually executes the works; in the same way, for a project to purchase goods or services, the executor is the entity to which the contract to provide the goods or service was awarded

Tag: Portale

In the case of cohesion policy projects for which the department involved has reported in the title or among the entities involved in the project identified in the Unitary Monitoring System the tax ID number of an individual, this information is not published on the OpenCoesione website and is masked with the phrase *codice fiscale*.

 In the case of projects targeted at individuals in disadvantaged circumstances, the first and last names are also masked, using the phrase *individuo*.

This page provides details on the terms and conditions of use for the OpenCoesione website.

Tag: Dati

For each ongoing project, the dates relating to the procedural progress are available in OpenCoesione for each project, from the beginning to the conclusion of the activities. The procedural progress changes according to the nature of the projects (for example, the process of an infrastructural project is more complex than the process of a project for the acquisition of goods or services.

Point of attention! Since these are variables that the competent Administrations are not obliged to provide in the unitary monitoring system, the source of OpenCoesione data for the ongoing projects, the information on the start and end of the project is not always available. In particular, the project end date may not have been updated on the monitoring system even if the intervention is completed. In order to evaluate the progress of the project, it may therefore be useful to look not only at this information but also at the relation between payments disbursed and the total amount of project funding.


Tag: Dati

For OpenCoesione the variable “total public funding” (the value of the funding displayed on the home page and the other aggregate pages on the website) represents the part of the value of a project funded by public sources of financing. In addition to Community and national resources specifically designated for cohesion, it also includes other types of public resources (for example, ordinary resources appropriated by municipalities, provinces or regions) that each project financed within the cohesion policy framework can activate.

The "public cost" of a project is the total public financing net of savings and is displayed on the home page, on other aggregate pages and on each project page. (see the variable OC_FINANZ_TOT_PUB_NETTO, calculated as the difference between the field FINANZ_TOTALE_PUBBLICO and the field ECONOMIE_TOTALI_PUBBLICHE).

In the Projects dataset that can be downloaded in the Open Data section of the OpenCoesione website, the variable for total public funding is present in the form FINANZ_TOTALE_PUBBLICO and public cost, namely total net public funding, is given as OC_FINANZ_TOT_PUB_NETTO. The metadata file provides detailed descriptions.

The funding monitored indicates the total public funding referred to the monitored projects, net of any savings. The funding monitored includes funding from all financial sources, while it does not include funding coming from private entities. The cohesion amount stands for the part of the monitored public funding which is financed by European and national resources of the cohesion policies.

The difference between the funding monitored and the cohesion amount is the co-financing "attracted" by the cohesion policies that represents ordinary resources, coming from the national, regional or municipal level, which contribute to the financing of the projects.

Payments monitored represent the total amount of payments disbursed for a particular monitored project, while cohesion payments indicate the amount of total payments referring to cohesion policy resources and therefore represent the portion of payments financed by European or national cohesion funds.

Tag: Dati

The time series of payments published on OpenCoesione, which is obtained from the variables present in the Unitary Monitoring System updated by the bodies involved, also includes recoveries, i.e. flows with the opposite sign of payments, representing the restitution of amount paid out previously (drawing, for example, on advances for projects that were subsequently found to not be eligible or were not refunded, which the beneficiary is asked to repay). The payments variable may therefore also have a negative value.

The series corresponds to the expenditures incurred by the beneficiary (or implementing authority) of the project, with the exception of transfers of resources to a guarantee fund, where the “payment” refers to the transfer.

In the Projects and Payments datasets downloadable in the Download Open Data section of the website, the payments variable is given as TOT_PAGAMENTI. Other variables include OC_TOT_PAGAMENTI_RENDICONTABILI_UE, OC_TOT_PAGAMENTI_FSC and OC_TOT_PAGAMENTI_PAC, which are subsets of the first. The Metadata file provides a detailed description.

The Payments dataset contains a detailed breakdown of payments by date of payment execution, whereas in previous updates the data was presented in the form of the bimonthly aggregate of cumulative payments.

Tag: Dati

Savings generated during the implementation of a project consist of reductions in expenditures compared with budget, i.e. resources that can be used for some other purpose, normally within the same programme or instrument.

Savings are generally attributable to:

  • savings from the calls for tenders for the contracts necessary for the implementation of the project;

  • savings generated during the project as a result of the reprogramming of the financial framework;

  • final savings from reductions in expenditures, which are registered in a project’s final accounts.

Tag: Dati

On the basis of the OpenCoesione “project status” classification, a project may not have been launched, is still ongoing, is settled (when a full payment ratio of more than 95% is not associated with the completion of the project execution) or concluded. For a detailed definition of the “project status” variable and the values it can have, see the metadata file accompanying the datasets in the Download open data section. 

For OpenCoesione, completed project means a project with a payment ratio of more than 95% and whose execution end date falls before the final monitoring date. Payment ratio means the ratio of payments to total public funding net of savings.

Tag: Dati

Up to a certain update, if the financial plan of a project in the Unitary Monitoring System is modified with the exclusion of cohesion policy resources, that project is considered inactive in the system. The reasons for its inactive status (e.g. revocation, suspension, replacement with other projects) does not necessarily mean the inactive project no longer exists. In order to provide as complete a picture as possible of the implementation of policies in Italy, these projects may continue to be displayed in OpenCoesione, but are excluded from tallies and search results and are not included in the open data datasets.

More specifically, in navigating projects on the website, inactive projects are distinguished from active projects with a different project factsheet. 


Tag: Portale, Dati

It is an aggregation carried by automatic algorithms based on: 

  • EU priority themes and EU intervention fields associated with individual projects co-financed respectively in the two programming periods 2007-2013 and 2014-2020; 

  • sectoral classifications of the CUP System

In attributing a project to a synthetic theme, the guiding criteria is the connection with the EU priority themes or EU intervention fields. Only in case of absence or inapplicability of the latter the CUP classification prevails. 

Starting from the publication of the updated data as of 28th February 2022, the synthetic themes of OpenCoesione are 11: Research and innovation, Networks and digital services, Enterprises' competitiveness, Energy, Environment, Culture and tourism, Transport and mobility, Employment and labour, Social inclusion and health, Education and training, Administrative capacity. 

Up to 31st December 2021 there were 13 instead.

It is possible to consult the comparison among the synthetic themes, EU priority themes , intervention themes and CUP classification.

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The Focuses of OpenCoesione represent aggregations of ongoing projects that refer to specific sector policies or to specific Strategies, financed with Cohesion funds starting from 2007 to today. The focuses are the result of in-depth analyzes and studies carried out by thematic experts in the specific sector or of the policy of the cohesion policy.

For each policy study are available: the data (csv files and metadata) relating to the sectors analyzed in dedicated pills, as well as the latest updated data available on the portal.

The single focuses are released after the publication of a new bimonthly update of the data searchable on the portal in the "Focus" search category.

Tag: Portale, Dati

There are two main differences between these two typologies of data available on the OpenCoesione portal.

The Synthetic Themes stand for automatic classification of all the projects monitored on the portal, while the Focuses are defined by thematic experts operating in the specific sector or in the sector of the policies of the cohesion policy, based on the detailed analysis of each of the projects.

The second difference stands in the attribution: the automatic algorithm classifies each project to only one synthetic theme, while the single project may be attributed to more then one Focuses at the same time.

At the current stage the Focuses published on the portal are not related to all the projects. On the contrary all the projects published on the portal are classified by only one synthetic theme.

Tag: Portale

The per capita values reported on the website are calculated by taking the overall funding (or the total payments) of the projects associated with a municipality, province or region and dividing that by the resident population using ISTAT figures for the same municipality, province or region at 31 December 2011.

The regional per capita values refer to all projects at the regional, provincial or municipal level, while the provincial per capita values refer to all projects at the provincial or municipal level and the municipal per capita values refer to projects at the municipal level. Accordingly, the municipal per capita values do not include any provincial- or regional-level projects.

“National” projects are only considered in calculating the average national per capita value given as a comparison on the indicator toolbar.

Attention! In the case of multi-location projects, i.e. projects located in more than one municipality, province or region, in OpenCoesione each territory is associated with the entire funding for the project.

Tag: Portale

Each project is assigned to a territory which can be at national, regional, provincial or municipal level.

The regional map shows all projects located at a regional or lower level; the provincial map shows all projects located at a provincial or municipal level. Regional-level projects are not shown in the provincial map. Projects located at the national level are not shown on any map, as the maps only go up to the regional level.

Point of attention! A project can be located in more than one municipality, province or region. In that case, at each territorial level it is attributed in its entirety to each of the locations in which it is present.

The maps display the number of projects and the corresponding value of the associated resources (total public funding or payments made).

Compared with the display given in the per capita value maps, these are calculated by taking the total funding (or the total payments) of the projects associated with a municipality, province or region and dividing by the resident population using ISTAT figures for the same municipality, province or region at 31 December 2011. 

The value classes represented on the maps are defined using the Jenks algorithm (Jenks natural breaks classification method), which optimizes the distribution in classes while minimizing the variance within each class and maximizing the variance between the classes.

Tag: Portale, Dati

The navigable and downloadable monitoring data available on the OpenCoesione portal are updated when the data source is updated represented by the Unitary Monitoring System, managed by the Inspectorate-General for Financial Relationships with the European Union (IGRUE) of the State General Accounting Department (Ragioneria Generale dello Stato - RGS). Data are updated on a bimonthly basis by all the bodies involved in implementing cohesion policy in Italy and are published on OpenCoesione about two months after the reference date. 

The data on the cohesion policy context are updated with different frequencies: for example the territorial and thematic indicators of ISTAT database are updated on a monthly basis,  the data of the Regional Public Accounts are updated annually. The different update dates are shown at the bottom of the description of the individual datasets on the open data page.


Tag: Portale, Dati

The OpenCoesione data are accompanied by metadata and a license agreement.  The data are available in CSV format. In some cases the files are compressed for easier downloading.

The OpenCoesione CSV file settings are:

·     encoding: Unicode (UTF-8)

·     language: Italian (Italy)

The CSV files use the comma as the decimal separator (the European standard).

The open data on projected funded under cohesion policy initiatives are organized on a relational basis: "Projects" is the main dataset and can be downloaded alone, while "Locations", "Entities" and "Payments" provide information connected with the main dataset through a key field that identifies the same project in the various tables.

The open data on the cohesion policy context, from the expenditure certified to the European Union to social and economic data broken down at the territorial level, from statistical indicators to the Regional Public Accounts.

The data are also available in JSON format through the OpenCoesione APIs.

Tag: Portale

The OpenCoesione API is an application interface that allows any external software component to access OpenCoesione data on projects and subjects financed by cohesion policies in Italy released under the CC-BY 4.0 license The software components can be developed by third parties, using any technology. The OpenCoesione API adopts the REST architecture. Anyone can access the API, starting from the url

The API is navigable with browsers through hypertext links, like a normal website. All data can be accessed both with anonymous users for a maximum of 12 requests per minute and with registered users for a maximum of 60 requests per minute. The registration request must be sent to the email address

The data is available in HTML format and in JSON format. The HTML format allows navigation among the data and the visualization of the integrated documentation (in English), which describes the advanced use, for the benefit of the developers. Assets are presented in HTML format unless specified otherwise, and to access the JSON format of an asset, just add .json.

An example: (HTML) (JSON)


These main resources are exposed:


Projects - List of projects, filterable by theme, nature or territory


Subjects - List of subjects, filterable by theme and role


Aggregates - Aggregate information, reflect the information shown in the pages of the site.


To simplify the work of developers, accessory lists are also available:


Nature - List of project natures


Themes - List of project summary themes


Territories - List of territories


Programmes - List of programs (both European and national)

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The OpenCoesione data are released with the CC-BY 4.0 license.

This is the Attribution 4.0 International with BY (Attribution) condition. Thus, it is possible to share, adapt, redistribute the data; use the data for commercial purposes as long the following condition applies:

  • attribution of the credit to the dataset(s) indicating the source and - where possible - the URL of the webpage where the datasets / content to be licenesed is published

The choice of the Attribuzione licence is aimed at promoting the creation of new products and contents born from the reuse of published data.

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Boundaries related to regions, provinces and municipalities are extracted from the official shapefiles from Istat.

Tag: Portale

The OpenCoesione portal is a web application developed in Django/Python using a PostgreSQL/PostGIS database for the data storage and uWSGI/Nginx as a web server. Figures and text information concerning projects and beneficiaries are indexed using the Apache Solr document search platform.

The following are the components of OpenCoesione’s software stack:

·         jQuery
·         Bootstrap
·         NGINX
·         uWSGI
·         Django
·         Solr
·         Redis
·         PostgreSQL
·         pandas
·         Docker
·         Ubuntu 20.04 server di Gnu-Linux

You can download web app source code here:

Tag: Portale, Dati

The projects falling within the Framework Programme Agreements (APQ) signed as part of the National Strategy for Internal Areas (SNAI) and included in the National Monitoring System (SNM) based on the criteria set out in the IGRUE operational note for monitoring the National Strategy for Internal Areas and further notes which include:

  • Criteria A: association with the complex Project relating to the Project Area / Internal Area of ​​the Strategy to which the project refers

  • Criteria B: association with the Implementation Tool relating to the Framework Programme Agreement to which the project refers.

Projects which - while respecting the monitoring criteria - are not compatible with the Internal Areas National Strategy are temporarily excluded from this set, until the alignment of the monitoring data expected in the upcoming future updates.

Among the most frequent reasons that lead to the exclusion of a project are:

  • the attribution to an Internal Area of ​​a project located in a Municipality not belonging to the Area

  • the attribution to an Internal Area of ​​a project funded by Programmes / Plans / Attributions by law that not included in the Framework Programme Agreement of a specific Area

Tag: Portale, Dati

The inclusion in the National Monitoring System of data on projects in progress takes place separately and in parallel by the various Administrations responsible for monitoring the Programmes.

On occasion of the update at  31/10//2022 OpenCoesione makes available for the first time the data relating to the first assignments in the FSC 2021-2027 approved by CIPESS.

The single protocol 21-27 is being defined which will also allow for all the cohesion policy programmes envisaged by the 2021-2027 Partnership Agreement, the transmission of data to the new Unitary Data Bank BDU 2021-2027.

The ERDF supports programmes that focus on regional development, improving competitiveness, and investing in research and sustainable development, as well as European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) projects. The ESF+ is the European Union's main instrument for investing in people, jobs, society, education and skills and brings together four funding instruments that were separated in the 2014-2020 programming period: the European Social Fund (ESF), the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD), the Youth Employment Initiative and the European Program for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI). The EAFRD supports European rural development policy and, to this aim, finances rural development programmes carried out in all Member States and regions of the Union; the EMFF contributes to sustainable fisheries and economic development in European coastal regions. The JTF aims to provide support to territories facing serious socio-economic challenges arising from the transition to climate neutrality. Other funds are those for asylum and migration (AMIF), internal security (ISF) and border and visa management (BMVI).

On the OpenCoesione portal, as soon as the 2021-2027 National Monitoring System is operational, data from projects financed with the Structural Funds and the JTF can be browsed.

The Structural Funds are implemented by Managing Authorities (i.e. Administrations in charge of managing the allocated funds) through Operational Programmes which, in the various programming periods, can have a national (PON or PN for 2021-2027) or regional (POR or PR for 2021-2027) or international (ETC Programmes) scale. In 2007-2013, there were also Operational Programmes on an Interregional scale (POIN).